In 1870, the Dutch Rhine-railroad Company opened a second station in The Hague, Den Haag Rijnspoor (The Hague Rhine Rail) for trains to Gouda and Utrecht. This station was built much closer to the city centre. From 1888 this railroad was the property of the State Railway Operation Company the station was renamed Den Haag Staatsspoor (The Hague State Rail).
In the 1970s, Nederlandse Spoorwegen decided to build a new Central Station in The Hague and it was decided to build the new station next to Staatsspoor station. The old station was demolished after the new station was completed. A chord was also built to connect the station to the line to Amsterdam. Although Centraal station is the largest station in The Hague, it is served only by terminating trains; Intercity and international trains travelling between Amsterdam and Rotterdam stop only at Hollands Spoor station. Now, The Hague is the only city in the Netherlands which still has two major railway stations.
The Hague Central Station has been changed by Benthem Crouwel Architects into a light-filled, spacious, simple to-peruse building where all open vehicle frameworks join at the core of the city. The solid of the 1970s has been annihilated for straightforwardness. Inside, cable cars genius over the trains along a raised track. At the opening on February 1, 2016, State Secretary for Infrastructure and the Environment Sharon Dijksma depicted it as ‘a railroad station of glass, a house of God of light.
Nowadays about 190,000 explorers and passers-by utilize The Hague Central Station. The update considers that the quantity of clients is relied upon to twofold in the coming decade, because of the connection up with the nearby Randstadrail fast travel arrange and the rapid rail line from Amsterdam to Paris. The fast system is to stop here at The Hague, just as at the focal stations of Rotterdam, Utrecht and Arnhem and at Amsterdam Zuid and Breda.
Roofed urban square
Benthem Crouwel Architects has structured the new station as a roofed urban court, a spot for inhabitants and workers the same. Its extra passages have fortified physical ties between the downtown area and the money related locale (Beatrixkwartier). There are four doors in all and this foursidedness returns in the rooftop, which has been planned as a corner to corner example of capsule molded boards. These present a fantastic play of light and shadow at whatever point there is daylight. The capsules give ventilation by opening consequently in warm climate, go about as sun powered security, add to the acoustics and open as smoke vents should fire break out. Eight exquisite sections bolster the station rooftop, which is the size of two football pitches. The station building, which estimates 120 by 96 meters and is 22 meters tall, is as a rule of glass.
Once inside, all methods of transport (train, cable car and transport) just as retail and accommodation zones can be taken in initially. The plan gives a characteristic and adaptable association of traffic streams. Various courses are conceivable, in certainty each voyager or bystander makes their very own course. The new station helpfully secures in Haagse Loper, the person on foot lane running slantingly through the city, and the station concourse has itself become an important open space.
Other than The Hague Central Station, Benthem Crouwel Architects has planned the focal stations of Rotterdam, Utrecht and Amsterdam, the stations serving Amsterdam’s North-South metro connect and the railroad zone at Delft.